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Perina J., Hradil Z., Jurco B. — Quantum optics and fundamentals of physics
Perina J., Hradil Z., Jurco B. — Quantum optics and fundamentals of physics



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Название: Quantum optics and fundamentals of physics

Авторы: Perina J., Hradil Z., Jurco B.

Аннотация:

This book deals with the contemporary development of quantum theory from the point of view of quantum optics. The fundamentals of quantum theory are presented, with particular attention being given to the quantum theory of measurement. General coherent states are adopted as the most important theoretical tool for the description of the interaction of optical fields with matter. Quantum theory predicts various nonclassical phenomena, such as squeezing of vacuum fluctuations, photon antibunching, sub-Poisson photon statistics, collapses and revivals of atomic motion, etc. These quantum effects can be observed, together with violation of various classical and Bell's inequalities, using photon interference and correlation techniques. This is demonstrated by experiments involving single-photon and two-photon interferences, squeezed and sub-Poisson light and twin photons produced by frequency down conversion. All these results are in agreement with quantum theory and they confirm the wave — particle duality of a photon and the `nonlocal' features of quantum theory. For research workers in quantum mechanics, quantum theory, quantum optics and electronics, optical communications, optoelectronics, photonics and nonlinear optics, optical processing and computing.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/

Статус предметного указателя: Указатель в процессе заполнения

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 1994

Количество страниц: 350

Добавлена в каталог: 16.11.2014

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
Algebra      135
Algebra, oscillator      135
Algebra, Weyl — Heisenberg      135
Amplitude-squared squeezing      160
Anharmonic oscillations      151
Anharmonic oscillator      234 235
Anholonomy      96
Annihilation operator      22 26 150
Annihilation operator of level      150
Annihilation operator of photon      150
Annihilation operator, Fermi — Dirac      207
Antibunching of photons      156 161 162 277
Antibunching of photons in resonance fluorescence      277
Anticommutator      158 159
Anticorrelation      261
Atom-field frequency detuning      188
Atomic coherent states      136 192
Atomic dipole momentum operator      187
Back-action-evading amplifier      109
Back-action-evading measurement      103 108 274
Baker — hausdorff identity      121
Bargmann representation      123 124
Beam      199
Beam, cross-spectrally pure      200
Beam, partially coherent      199
Beam, splitter      212 261
Beam, twin      232 233
Beats      207
Beats in fourth-order pattern      207
Behaviour      218
Behaviour, complementary of classical and quantum fields      299
Behaviour, particle-like      218 221
Behaviour, wave-like      218 221
Bell's inequalities      238 242 243 245 246 252 259
Bell's inequalities, modified      250
Bell's inequalities, violation of      242 250 252 259
Bernoulli distribution      40
Berry phase      96
Berry — Pancharatnam phase      96 222 306
Berry — Pancharatnam phase, topological      306
Bloch state      138 192
Bohm — Aharonov effect      95
Bose gas      25
Bose — Einstein distribution      41
Bunching of photons      161
Burgess variance theorem      41
Canonical commutation relation      21
Canonical quantization      20 21
Casimir operator      85 86 91
Cavity quantum electrodynamics      187
Cavity quantum optics      187
Cell of quantum phase space      198
Change of photon statistics      153
Change of photon statistics by nonlinear dynamics      153
Change of photon statistics in initial state      153
Chaotic light      161 162 205
Chaotic light from natural sources      161
Chaotic state      211
Characteristic equation      159
Characteristic function      39 45 78 128 129 178
Characteristic function for phase-conjugated beam      193
Characteristic function, antinormal      128 151 165
Characteristic function, connecting relations for      131
Characteristic function, Fourier transform of      178
Characteristic function, normal      128 144 152 166
Characteristic function, symmetric      128
Characteristic subspace      46
Classical device      59
Classical limit      173
Classical limit of strong fields      173
Classical-quantum correspondence      32
Clauser — Horne inequality      251
Clauser — Horne — Shimony — Holt inequality      249
Coherence      200
Coherence area      205 206
Coherence matrix      42
Coherence time      200 204 206
Coherence volume      198 205 206
Coherence, 2N-th order      210
Coherence, complete      210
Coherence, spatial      200 205
Coherence, temporal      200 205
Coherent state      32 116 123 157 210
Coherent state as eigenstates      122
Coherent state of harmonic oscillator      120
Coherent state, associated with Lie groups      118
Coherent state, atomic      136
Coherent state, basic properties of      120
Coherent state, canonical      120 140
Coherent state, even      122
Coherent state, odd      122
Coherent state, scalar product of      122
Coherent state, spin      136
Coherent state, two-photon      134
Coherent system      9
Coherent-state technique      149
Coherent-state technique, two-photon      151
Coincidence device      203
Collapse and revival      156 279
Collapse and revival of atomic oscillations      279
Collapse and revival of atomic population      156 188
Collapse and revival of probability      189
Collective operator      192
Commutation relation      22 28—30
Commutation relation of Heisenberg — Weyl algebra      121
Commutation relation, canonical      120
Complementarity      172 221
Complementarity of one-particle and two-particle visibilities      203
Complementarity, principle      173 197 216
Completeness      119 244
Completeness of coherent states      119
Continuous detection      71
Contractive state      104
Contravariant symbol      117
Control      195
Control of quantum statistics      195
Cooperative effects      192
Corpuscular properties      216
Correlated coherent state      159
Correlated photon pairs      253
Correlated photon pairs, state reduction for      253
Correlation function      30
Correlation function of stationary field      34
Correlation function, (m + n)-th order      31
Correlation function, analytic properties of      35
Correlation function, antinormal      32
Correlation function, even-order      38
Correlation function, factorization condition of      32 200 210 211
Correlation function, fourth-order      275
Correlation function, inequalities for      36
Correlation function, normal      31
Correlation function, odd-order      38
Correlation function, positive definiteness of      36 37
Correlation function, properties of      30
Correlation function, quantum      30
Correlation function, spectral      35
Correlation function, spectral properties of      33
Correlation function, wave equation for      35
Correlation interferometer      206
Correlation matrix      42
Correlation measurement      206 251
Correlation measurement, quantum      251
Correlations      186
Correlations of fluctuations      205
Correlations of intensities      204 207
Correlations of photoelectrons      205
Correlations, quantum      186
Correlations, signal-pump      186
Correlations, signal-signal      186
Correlator      203
Correspondence principle      259
Coulomb gauge      29
Counting rate      211
Counting rate, joint      211
Coupling of modes      153
Covariant symbol      117
Creation operator      22 26 150
Creation operator of level      150
Creation operator of photon      150
Crescent state      174 177 183
Cross-spectral purity      205
Cumulant      40
Cyclic vector      48
Damping constant      142
De Broglie guided wave      173
De Broglie guided-wave theory      300
De Broglie guided-wave theory for photons      300
Decay rate      191
Decoherence effects      257
Decomposition      63
Decomposition of identity operator      63
Degeneracy parameter      42 204
Degenerate subharmonic generation      165
Degenerate subharmonic generation with classical pumping      165
Degree of coherence      162 177
Degree of coherence, fourth-order      162
Degree of coherence, phase of      199
Degree of coherence, second-order      162 199
Degree of coherence, spectral      200
Degree of freedom      205
Degree of freedom, polarization      205
Degree of freedom, spatial      205
Degree of polarization      42 205
Delayed-choice experiments      217 306 308
Demolition measurement      104
Density matrix      see "Statistical operator"
Density operator      see "Statistical operator"
Detailed balance      147
Detailed balance, between absorption and emission      147
Detection      69 72
Detection of gravitational waves      98 110
Detection Operator      30
Detection volume      205
Detection, area      205
Detection, heterodyne      69 72 76
Detection, homodyne      69 72 73
Diagonal representation      117
Dicke state      136 192
Difference-amplitude squeezing      161
Diffraction of light      171
Diffusion coefficient      148—150
Diffusion coefficient, antinormal order      148
Diffusion coefficient, normal order      148
Dipole coupling constant      191
Disentangling formula      138
Dispersion relations      35
Displacement operator      113 121 123
Dissipation      170
Down conversion      231
Drift vectors      148 149
Dynamical phase shift      96
Effective Hamiltonian      150 185 222 224 225
Eigenvalue      46 158
Eigenvalue equation      46 158
Eigenvalue problem      173
Eigenvector      46
Eigenvector, generalized      50
Einstein formula      40
Einstein — Podolsky — Rosen (EPR), "paradox"      2 173 200 242 243 285
Electric strength operator      187
Electric-dipole matrix element      187
Electronic transitions      150
Electronic transitions, real      150
Electronic transitions, virtual      150
Element of physical reality      244
emission      158
Emission, spontaneous      158 221 304 310
Emission, stimulated      304 310
Entangled state      231 243 244 285
Entanglement      195
entropy      154 195
Entropy of squeezed coherent state      154
Entropy, global characteristic      154
Equation of motion      148
Equation of motion for characteristic function      148
Evolution operator      8
Exclusion principle      213
expectation value      10
Expectation value, vacuum      32
Experiment      260
Experiment with feedbacks      260 265
Experiment with frequency down conversion      286
Experiment with squeezed light      260 268
Experiment with sub-Poisson light      260 275
Experiment, cavity quantum electrodynamics      260
Experiment, polarization correlation      264
Experiment, resonance fluorescence      260
Experiment, single-photon interference      260
Experiment, two-photon      260
Experiment, two-photon interferometer      294
Factorial moments      40 145 153 155
Fano factor      41 163
Fano factor for chaotic field      43
Fano factor for coherent field      43
Fano factor for Fock state      43
Fano factor for sub-Poisson field      43
Fano factor for super-chaotic field      43
Fano factor for super-Poisson field      43
Feedback      222 267
Feedback mechanism      231
Feedback, negative      233
Feynman path amplitude      218
Field      32
Field, auxiliary      61 77
Field, chaotic      41 207
Field, classical      41
Field, coherent      32 41 207
Field, deterministic      32 210
Field, ergodic      34
Field, local oscillator      77
Field, partially coherent      177 202
Field, partially polarized      42
Field, Poissonian      41
Field, quantum      41
Field, second-order coherent      37
Field, signal      77
Field, stationary      34
Field, sub-Poissonian      41
Field, super-Poissonian      41
Flow of number probabilities      147
Fluctuations      157
Fluctuations in coherent state      157
Fluctuations, amplitude      211
Fluctuations, phase      211
Fluctuations, quadrature      157
Fluctuations, vacuum      157
fluorescent light      261
Fluorescent light from single atom      261
Fock representation      23 120
Fock space      23 135
Fock state      23 177 211 284
Fock vacuum      135
Fokker — Planck equation      145—150 223 225 235
Fokker — Planck equation, generalized      145—147 149 150 223 225
Fokker — Planck equation, non-Gaussian solution      236
Four-wave mixing      151 228 253 260 271—273
Four-wave mixing in optical fibres      272
Four-wave mixing, backward      271
Four-wave mixing, forward      272 273
Fourier transformation      50 178
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