Нашли опечатку? Выделите ее мышкой и нажмите Ctrl+Enter
Название: On Nonlinear Filtering For Noise Reduction Using a Sensor Array
Автор: Knecht W.
Background noise is one of the major problems of currently available hearing aids. Array processing techniques have become a popular research topic for reducing background noise. This work investigates a two-microphone beamformer which incorporates an adaptive noise canceller with a nonlinear filter. In adaptive noise cancelling, linear filters have been used to minimize the mean squared difference between the filter output and the desired signal. Depending on the probability densities of the involved signals, however, nonlinear filters can further reduce the mean squared difference, thereby improving signal-to-noise ratio at the noise canceller output.
In the case of a single noise source emitting an i.i.d. random process, optimum linear and nonlinear performance limits are established for various noise probability densities. To approximate optimum performance, two nonlinear adaptive architectures are realized, the Volterra filter and the multi-layer perceptron. Convergence speed and steady state performance are scrutinized.
The Volterra filter is also examined for speech interference. The beamformer is adapted to minimize the mean squared difference, but performance is measured with the intelligibility-weighted gain. This criterion requires the signal-to-noise ratio at the beamformer output. For the nonlinear processor, this can only be determined when no target components exist in the reference channel of the noise canceller so that the target is transmitted without distortion. Under these ideal conditions and at equal filter lengths, the quadratic Volterra filter improves the intelligibility-weighted gain by maximally 2 d.B relative to the linear filter.