This volume contains selected papers presented at the Eighth Logic Programming Conference, held in Tokyo, 1989. Various topics in logic programming are covered. The first paper is an invited talk by Prof. Donald Michie, Chief Scientist of the Turing Institute, entitled "Human and Machine Learning of Descriptive Concepts", and introduces various research results on learning obtained by his group. There are eleven further papers, organized into sections on reasoning, logic programming language, concurrent programming, knowledge programming, natural language processing, and applications. A paper on knowledge programming introduces a flexible and powerful tool for incorporating and organizing knowledge using hypermedia. Another paper presents the constraint logic programming language cu-Prolog, designed for combinatorial problems; the way cu-Prolog solves the constraints is based on program transformation.