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Biskamp D. — Magnetic Reconnection in Plasmas
Biskamp D. — Magnetic Reconnection in Plasmas

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Название: Magnetic Reconnection in Plasmas

Автор: Biskamp D.

Аннотация:

This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the theory of magnetic field line reconnection, now a major subject in plasma physics. Biskamp focuses on the various reconnection mechanisms dominating magnetic processes under the different plasma conditions encountered in astrophysical systems and in laboratory fusion devices. The book consists of two major parts: the first deals with the classical resistive approach, while the second presents an overview of weakly collisional or collisionless plasmas. Applications primarily concern astrophysical phenomena and dynamo theory, with emphasis on the solar and geodynamo, as well as magnetospheric substorms — the most spectacular reconnection events in the magnetospheric plasma. The theoretical procedures and results also apply directly to reconnection processes in laboratory plasmas, in particular the sawtooth phenomenon in tokamaks. The book will be of value to graduate students and researchers interested in magnetic processes both in astrophysical and laboratory plasma physics.


Язык: en

Рубрика: Физика/

Статус предметного указателя: Готов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

Год издания: 2005

Количество страниц: 401

Добавлена в каталог: 22.12.2013

Операции: Положить на полку | Скопировать ссылку для форума | Скопировать ID
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Предметный указатель
$E \times B$ drift      40
ABC flow      151
Adiabatic change of state      31
Adiabatic invariance      299
Adiabaticity coefficient      31
Alfven velocity      34
Alfven wave, compressional      34
Alfven wave, kinetic      225
Alfven wave, shear      34
Alfven-wave effect      190
Alfvenic reconnection rate      218 236 315 318
Alfvenic state      185
Algebraic growth law of resistive kink mode      110
Algebraic growth law of tearing mode      89 91
Aligned state      185
Alpha ($\alpha$) effect      155 156
Ampere's law      30
Analogy of vorticity and magnetic field      11 197
Anelastic approximation      170
Anisotropy instability      292ff
Anomalous electron viscosity, due to braided field lines      204
Anomalous electron viscosity, due to whistler tubulence      296
Anomalous resistivity      272
Anomalous resistivity in mean-field electrodynamics      155
Anomalous resistivity, due to ion-sound turbulence      284
Anomalous transport      272
Aspect ratio of current sheet      54
Aspect ratio of toroidal plasma column      40
Aurora      331
Auroral electrojet      335
Auroral oval      331
Auroral substorm      342
Axisymmetric equilibrium      33
Ballooning criterion      120
Ballooning mode      118
Ballooning mode, nonlinear      125
Ballooning mode, resistive      122
Beltrami flow      151
Beta ($\beta$)      29
Beta limit, due to ballooning mode      120
Beta limit, due to interchange mode      122
Beta limit, due to internal kink mode      246
Bickley jet      131
Bohm diffusion      203
Bottleneck effect in turbulence, spectrum      192
Boundary layer problem      85 123
Boussinesq approximation bow shock      327
Braginskii's equations      201
Bullard disc dynamo      145
Bump-on-the-tail distribution      267
Buneman instability      275
Burgers equation      47
Cascade, direct and inverse      183
Coalescence instability      114
Coalescence of EMHD flux bundles      213
Coalescence of magnetic islands      115
Collapse (crash), sawtooth      248
Collision frequency of electrons      202
Collision frequency of ions      202
Collisionless shock      327
Conservation of circulation      11
Conservation of cross-helicity      38
Conservation of energy      37
Conservation of helical flux      38
Conservation of kinetic helicity      12 38
Conservation of magnetic flux      11
Conservation of magnetic helicity      12 186
Conservation of mean square potential      183 186
Constant-$\alpha$ force-free field      21
Constant-$\psi$ approximation      85
Continuity equation      30
Convection, magneto-      173ff 193
Convection, thermal      168ff
Cowling's theorem      149
Critical $\Delta^{'}$      129
Cross-helicity      38
Current profile, cross-sheet      57
Current sheet, formation      43ff
Current sheet, micro-      235
Current sheet, noncollisional      230
Current sheet, resistive      52ff
Current-driven instabilities      82
Curvature of magnetic field line      39
Curvature, cylindrical      120
Curvature, effect on tearing mode      128
Curvature, favorable and unfavorable      119
Curvature, toroidal      120
Cyclotron resonance      264
Cylindrical equilibrium      33
Dawn-to-dusk electric field      334
Debye cell, number of particles in      202 258
Debye length      258
Diamagnetic current      222
Diamagnetic drifts      222
Diamagnetic frequency      226
Diffusion region      59
Diffusivity, magnetic      31
Displacement current      295
Dissipation range      189
Dissipation rate of cross-helicity      38
Dissipation rate of energy      37 186
Dissipation rate of magnetic helicity      205
Dissipation scale      189
Dissipation, collisionless      258
Dissipation, resistive or ohmic      37
Dissipation, turbulent      186
Dissipation, viscous      37
Dissipative eddies      196
Double tearing mode      99ff
Downstream region      66
Drift-kink mode      292
Driven reconnection      59
Driven reconnection, scaling laws      73
Dynamic alignment      185
Dynamo term in Faraday's law      204
Dynamo, $\alpha\Omega$      158
Dynamo, $\alpha^{2}$      158
Dynamo, disc      145
Dynamo, fast and slow      153
Dynamo, geo-      179
Dynamo, helical      150
Dynamo, kinematic      148ff
Dynamo, MHD theory of      173
Dynamo, modes      159
Dynamo, nonexistence theorem      149
Dynamo, number      158
Dynamo, rope      151
Dynamo, solar      164
Dynamo, strong-field ($\alpha\Omega$)      158
Dynamo, turbulent      197
Dynamo, weak-field ($\alpha^{2}$)      159
Eddy viscosity      180
Electron (Larmor) gyroradius      199
Electron cyclotron emission (ECE)      242
Electron equation of motion      201 204
Electron heat conductivity      205
Electron inertia      204
Electron magnetohydrodynamics (EMHD)      207
Electron viscosity      204
Electron-cyclotron-drift instability      278
Elsaesser fields      32 183
Energy decay rate, hydrodynamic turbulence      189
Energy decay rate, MHD turbulence, 2D      186
Energy decay rate, MHD turbulence, 3D      189
Energy spectrum      191
Energy spectrum, Iroshnikov — Kraichnan      191
Energy spectrum, Kolmogorov      191
Energy spectrum, normalization of      193
Equilibrium, cylindrical      33
Equilibrium, equation      32
Equilibrium, plane      33
Equilibrium, stratified      33
Extended self-similarity      195
Fadeev equilibrium      115
Faraday's law      11
Fast magnetosonic wave      34
Fast reconnection, criterion for      239
Field line curvature      39
Field line velocity      14
Finite-Larmor radius (FLR) effects      228
Finite-time singularity      47
Flute mode      289
Flux conservation      11
Flux function      42
Flux transfer event (FTE)      338
Flux tube      11
Force-free magnetic field      22
Forced reconnection      see "Driven reconnection"
Four-field model      224
Fourier modes      34 182
Frozen-in property      11
Gauge invariance of magnetic helicity      12
GEM magnetic reconnection challenge      316
Geomagnetic storm      341
Gyrofrequency      199
Gyroradius (= Larmor radius)      199
Gyroviscosity      203
Hall term      204
Harris sheet      297
Heat flux      201 311
Helical flux function      38
Helical magnetic field      88
Helicity, kinetic      12
Helicity, magnetic      12
Homogenous turbulence      182ff
Hydrodynamic turbulence      197
Hyperresistivity      204
Ideal external region      59
Ideal fluid, singularities of      47
Ideal gas law      201
Ideal invariants      183
Incompressibility      31
Incompressibility, conditions for      36
Induction equation      see "Faraday's law"
Inertial range      189
Inertial scale of electrons      204
Inertial scale of electrons ions      204
Instability, ballooning      119
Instability, ballooning, nonlinear      125ff
Instability, ballooning, resistive      122ff
Instability, coalescence      114ff
Instability, convective (or thermal)      119 168
Instability, current-driven      82
Instability, double tearing      99ff
Instability, interchange (or flute)      122
Instability, internal kink, noncollisional      229ff
Instability, internal kink, resisistive      104ff
Instability, Kelvin — Helmholtz      131
Instability, Kelvin — Helmholtz, electron      215
Instability, localized      119
Instability, pressure-driven      118ff
Instability, Raleigh — Taylor      118
Instability, tearing, collisionless      296ff
Instability, tearing, neoclassical      96
Instability, tearing, resistive      82ff
Interchange mode      122
Intermittency      191
Internal kink mode, noncollisional, growth rate      227
Internal kink mode, noncollisional, nonlinear      229ff
Internal kink mode, resistive, final state      112
Internal kink mode, resistive, growth rate      106
Internal kink mode, resistive, nonlinear      106ff
Internal kink mode, toroidal      246
Interplanetary magnetic field (IMF)      333
Ion (Larmor) gyroradius      199
Ion gyrofrequency      199
Ion-sound instability, linear      276
Ion-sound instability, nonlinear, high $\beta$      281ff
Ion-sound instability, nonlinear, low $\beta$      279
Ionosphere      329
Iroshnikov — Kraichnan phenomenology      190
Island width      84
Island, magnetic      83
Island, magnetic, algebraic growth of      91
Jump conditions      77
Kadomtsev model of sawtooth collapse      113
Kelvin — Helmholtz instability (KHI), neutral fluid      131
Kelvin — Helmholtz instability (KHI), plasma      133
Kelvin — Helmholtz instability (KHI), stabilization by magnetic field      133
Kelvin — Helmholtz instability, electron (EKHI)      215
Kinematic dynamo      148
Kinetic Alfven wave      225
Kinetic helicity      12
Kink mode, drift-      292
Kink mode, internal      104 229
Kink, of flux tube      24
Kolmogorov constant      193
Kolmogorov energy spectrum      191
Kolmogorov length      193
Landau damping      263
Landau damping, nonlinear      269
Langmuir waves      263
Large-aspect ratio approximation      40
Linear screw pinch      33
Linearized equations, four-field model      225
Linearized equations, high-$\beta$ two-fluid      119
Linearized equations, MHD      34 84
Linearized equations, Vlasov      260
Linkage of flux tubes      25
Localized modes      119
Lorentz force      30
Lower-hybrid frequency      287
Lower-hybrid-drift instability (LHDI)      285ff
Lundquist number      43
Mach number      54 322
Magnetic buoyancy      163
Magnetic diffusivity      31
Magnetic field line      11
Magnetic flux conservation      11
Magnetic flux tube      11
Magnetic helicity      12
Magnetic helicity in EMHD      208
Magnetic helicity, generalized      13
magnetic moment      118 299
Magnetic neutral point (line)      17 61 83 339
Magnetic null      18
Magnetic Prandtl number      175
Magnetic pressure      31
Magnetic reconnection      see "Reconnection"
Magnetic Reynolds number      153
Magnetic shear      33
Magnetic surface      32
Magnetic topology, conservation of      14ff
Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD), equations      30
Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD), instabilities, classification of      81
Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD), turbulence      182ff
Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD), turbulence, energy decay laws      186 189
Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD), turbulence, energy spectrum      192 194
Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD), waves      34
Magnetopause      325
Magnetosheath      328
Magnetosonic mode, fast and slow      34
Magnetostatic equilibrium      32
Magnetotail      339
Maunder's butterfly diagram      165
Mean free path      258
Mean-field electrodynamics (MFE)      153
Mercier's stability criterion      122
Micro-current sheets in MHD turbulence      196
Micro-current sheets, noncollisional kink mode      236
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