Нашли опечатку? Выделите ее мышкой и нажмите Ctrl+Enter
Название: Einstein Relation for Nonequilibrium Steady States
Авторы: Hanney T., Evans M.R.
Journal of Statistical Physics, Vol. 111, Nos. 5/6, June 2003. p. 1377-1390.
The Einstein relation, relating the steady state fluctuation properties to the linear response to a perturbation, is considered for steady states of stochastic models with a finite state space. We show how an Einstein relation always holds if the steady state satisfies detailed balance. More generally, we consider non-equilibrium steady states where detailed balance does not hold and show how a generalisation of the Einstein relation may be derived in certain cases. In particular, for the asymmetric simple exclusion process and a driven diffusive dimer model, the external perturbation creates and annihilates particles thus breaking the particle conservation of the unperturbed model.