Нашли опечатку? Выделите ее мышкой и нажмите Ctrl+Enter
Название: Nonlinear Dynamics and Fluctuations of Dissipative Toda Chains
Авторы: Ebeling W., Erdmann U., Dunkel J.
The dynamics of a ring of masses including dissipative forces (passive or active friction) and Toda interactions between the masses is investigated. The characteristic attractor structure and the influence of noise by coupling to a heat bath are studied. The system may be driven from the thermodynamic equilibrium to far from equilibrium states by including negative friction. We show, that over-critical pumping with free energy may lead to a partition of the phase space into attractor regions corresponding to several types of collective motions including uniform rotations, one- and multiple soliton-like excitations and relative oscillations. The distribution functions in the phase space and the correlation functions of the forces and the spectra of nonlinear excitations are calculated. We show that a finite-size Toda ring with weak thermal coupling develops at intermediate temperatures a broadband colored noise spectrum with an 1f tail at low frequencies.