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Название: Gradient Theory of Fluid Microstructures
Авторы: Davis H.T., Scriven L.E.
The general gradient theory of fluid microstructures is outlined. This theory reduces the determination of fluid microstructures to a boundary value problem. The density and pressure tensor profiles and the tension of planar thin films and layered structures in one-component fluids are investigated. The boundary conditions determining these structures are given a geometric interpretation in the free energy-density diagram. Discussed are the implications of the theory for the validity of Antonov's rule, the duplex film hypothesis, and the asymptotic theory of disjoining pressure and of the origin of a characteristic length scale in spinodal decomposition.