Нашли опечатку? Выделите ее мышкой и нажмите Ctrl+Enter
Название: Symmetry Breaking and Finite-Size Effects in Quantum Many-Body Systems
Авторы: Koma T., Tasaki H.
Journal of Statistical Physics, Vol. 76. Nos. 3/4. 1994. p. 745-803.
We consider a quantum many-body system on a lattice which'exhibits a spontaneous symmetry breaking in its infinite-volume ground states, but in which the corresponding order operator does not commute with the Hamiltonian. Typical examples are the Heisenberg antiferromagnet with a N6el order and the Hubbard model with a (superconducting) off-diagonal long-range order. In the corresponding finite system, the symmetry breaking is usually "obscured" by "quantum fluctuation" and one gets a symmetric ground state with a long-range order...