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Название: Quasipotentials for Simple Noisy Maps with Complicated Dynamics
Авторы: Hamm A., Graham R.
The theory of nonequilibrium potentials or quasipotentials is a physically motivated approach to small random perturbations of dynamical systems, leading to exponential estimates of invariant probabilities and mean first exit times. In the present article we develop the mathematical foundation of this theory for discrete-time systems, following and extending the work of Freidlin and Wentzell, and Kifer. We discuss strategies for calculating and estimating quasipotentials and show their application to one-dimensional S-unimodal maps. The method proves to be especially suited for describing the noise scaling behavior of invariant probabilities, e.g., for the map occurring as the limit of the Feigenbaum period-doubling sequence. We show that the method allows statements about the scaling behavior in the case of localized noise, too, which does not originally lie within the scope of the quasipotential formalism.