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Название: Structural Relaxations, Phonons, and Ising Models
Авторы: Chiolero A., Baeriswyl D.
Lattice models such as Ising or Potts models are very often successfully applied to order-disorder phenomena in solids (e.g., for alloys) or on surfaces (e.g., for physisorption). In this contribution it is shown how to derive such models from a microscopic Hamiltonian in the framework of classical statistical mechanics. Both structural relaxations and thermal fluctuations can be incorporated within the (temperature-dependent) parameters of the lattice model.