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Название: Flowing Sand-A Possible Physical Realization of Directed Percolation
Авторы: Hinrichsen H., Rozov Y.
A simple model for flowing sand on an inclined plane is introduced. The model is related to recent experiments by Douady and Daerr and reproduces some of the experimentally observed features. Avalanches of intermediate size appear to be compact, placing the critical behavior of the model into the universality class of compact directed percolation. On very large scales, however, the avalanches break up into several branches, leading to a crossover from compact to ordinary directed percolation. Thus, systems of flowing granular matter on an inclined plane could serve as a first physical realization of directed percolation.