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Название: An Improved Incompressible Lattice Boltzmann Model for Time-Independent Flows
Авторы: Zou Q., Hou S., Chen S.
Journal of Statistical Physics, Vol. 81, Nos. 1/2, 1995. p. 35-48.
It is well known that the lattice Boltzmann equation method (LBE) can model the incompressible Navier-Stokes (NS) equations in the limit where density goes to a constant. In a LBE simulation, however, the density cannot be constant because pressure is equal to density times the square of sound speed, hence a compressibility error seems inevitable for the LBE to model incompressible flows. This work uses a modified equilibrium distribution and a modified velocity to construct an LBE which models time-independent (steady) incompressible flows with significantly reduced compressibility error. Computational results in 2D cavity flow and in a 2D flow with an exact solution are reported.