Нашли опечатку? Выделите ее мышкой и нажмите Ctrl+Enter
Название: Microscopic Derivation of Non-Markovian Thermalization of a Brownian Particle
Авторы: Bocquet L., Piasecki J.
In this paper, the first microscopic approach to Brownian motion is developed in the case where the mass density of the suspending bath is of the same order of magnitude as that of the Brownian (B) particle. Starting from an extended Boltzmann equation, which describes correctly the interaction with the fluid, we derive systematically via multiple-time-scale analysis a reduced equation controlling the thermalization of the B particle, i.e., the relaxation toward the Maxwell distribution in velocity space. In contradistinction to the Fokker-Planck equation, the derived new evolution equation is nonlocal both in time and in velocity space, owing to correlated recollision events between the fluid and particle B. In the long-time limit, it describes a non-Markovian generalized Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process. However, in spite of this complex dynamical behavior, the Stokes-Einstein law relating the friction and diffusion coefficients is shown to remain valid. A microscopic expression for the friction coefficient is derived, which acquires the form of the Stokes law in the limit where the meanfree path in the gas is small compared to the radius of particle B.