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Название: Two-Dimensional Coulomb Systems on a Surface of Constant Negative Curvature
Автор: Jancovici B.
We study the equilibrium statistical mechanics of classical two-dimensional Coulomb systems living on a pseudosphere (an infinite surface of constant negative curvature). The Coulomb potential created by one point charge exists and goes to zero at infinity. The pressure can be expanded as a series in integer powers of the density (the virial expansion). The correlation functions have a thermodynamic limit, and remarkably that limit is the same one for the Coulomb interaction and some other interaction law. However, special care is needed for defining a thermodynamic limit of the free energy density. There are sum rules expressing the property of perfect screening. These generic properties can be checked on the Debye-Hiickel approximation, and on two exactly solvable models, the one-component plasma and the two-component plasma, at some special temperature.