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Название: Diffusion of Two-Dimensional Particles on an Air Table
Авторы: Oger L., Annic C., Bideau D.
Rapid granular flow is diffusive in character. This diffusive nature is important inthe generation of constitutive properties such as effective shear and bulk viscosities, effective conductivity of particle fluctuation energy, and self-diffusion coefficients. Experiments were performed in a large air-table apparatus that can sustain up to a few thousand small, light disks just above a horizontal porous plane. Experiments on 2D diffusion processes were performed using this apparatus. Measurements of self-diffusion coefficients and granular temperature in systems having different areal concentrations are in good agreement with predictions based on the kinetic theory and on numerical simulations.