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Название: Area Distribution for Directed Random Walks
Авторы: Jonsson T., Wheater J.F.
Journal of Statistical Physics, Vol. 92, Nos. 3/4, 1998. p. 713-725.
We study the probability distribution for the area under a directed random walk in the plane. The walk can serve as a simple model for avalanches based on the idea that the front of an avalanche can be described by a random walk and the size is given by the area enclosed. This model captures some of the qualitative features of earthquakes, avalanches, and other self-organized critical phenomena in one dimension. By finding nonlinear functional relations for the generating functions we calculate directly the exponent in the size distribution law and find it to be 4/3.