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Название: Entanglement Complexity of Lattice Ribbons
Авторы: van Rensburg E.J.J., Orlandini E., Sumners D.W.
Journal of Statistical Physics, Vol. 85, Nos. 1/2. 1996. p. 103-130.
We consider a discrete ribbon model for double-stranded polymers where the ribbon is constrained to lie in a three-dimensional lattice. The ribbon can be open or closed, and closed ribbons can be orientable or nonorientable. We prove some results about the asymptotic behavior of the numbers of ribbons with n plaquettes, and a theorem about the frequency of occurence of certain patterns in these ribbons. We use this to derive results about the frequency of knots in closed ribbons, the linking of the boundary curves of orientable closed
ribbons, and the twist and writhe of ribbons. We show that the centerline and boundary of a closed ribbon are both almost surely knotted in the infinite - n limit.