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Название: Exact Solution of the Totally Asymmetric Simple Exclusion Process: Shock Profiles
Авторы: Derrida B., Janowsky S.A., Lebowitz J.L.
The microscopic structure of macroscopic shocks in the one-dimensional, totally asymmetric simple exclusion process is obtained exactly from the complete solution of the stationary state of a model system containing two types of particles-"first" and "second" class. This nonequilibrium steady state factorizes about any second-class particle, which implies factorization in the one-component system about the (random) shock position. It also exhibits several other interesting features, including long-range correlations in the limit of zero density of the second-class particles. The solution also shows that a finite number of second-class particles in a uniform background of first-class particles form a weakly bound state.