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Название: Convexity Violations for Noninteger Parameters in Certain Lattice Models
Авторы: Griffiths R.B., Gujrati P.D.
The convexity of the free energy is studied for several lattice models in situations in which a parameter which is normally a positive integer takes on noninteger real values. Examples include the number n of components in the n-vector model, the number of states in the Potts model, and the dimensionality of the lattice. In a typical case there is a critical value of the parameter such that convexity is preserved when the parameter exceeds the critical value, but can be violated for appropriate Hamiltonians whenever the parameter is less than the critical value, but not a positive integer. In several cases the critical value of the parameter increases with the size of the system, thus raising questions about the significance of a continuous variation of the parameter in the thermodynamic limit.