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Название: Sine-Gordon Theory for the Equation of State of Classical Hard-Core Coulomb Systems. III. Loopwise Expansion
Автор: Caillo J.-M.
We present an exact field theoretical representation of an ionic solution made of charged hard spheres. The action of the field theory is obtained by performing a Hubbard–Stratonovich transform of the configurational Boltzmann factor. It is shown that the Stillinger–Lovett sum rules are satisfied if and only if all the field correlation functions are short range functions. The mean field, Gaussian and two-loops approximations of the theory are derived and discussed. The mean field approximation for the free energy constitutes an exact lower bound for the exact free energy, while the mean field pressure is an exact upper bound. The one-loop order approximation is shown to be identical with the random phase approximation of the theory of liquids. Finally, at the two-loop order and in the pecular case of the restricted primitive model, one recovers results obtained in the framework of the mode expansion theory.