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Название: The Explicit Density Functional and Its Connection with Entropy Maximization
Автор: Attard Ph.
Journal of Statistical Physics, Vol. 100, Nos. 12, 2000. p. 445-473.
The intrinsic Helmholtz free energy, commonly used as a basis for density functional theories, is here given explicitly as a cluster diagram expansion with density field points. Also given are explicit variational procedures for determining the chemical potential for a given density, the pair potential for a given pair correlation function, and the pair correlation function for a given pair potential. The physical meaning of the density functional is established within the context of a new derivation of statistical mechanics based on entropy that supplies a variational principle for equilibrium by generalizing the thermo-dynamic potential to nonequlibrium states. This shows that the conventional density functional determines not only the equilibrium density, but also the probability of fluctuations about that density.