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Название: Coulombic Phase Transitions in Dense Plasmas
Авторы: Ebeling W., Norman G.
Journal of Statistical Physics, Vol. 110, Nos. 3–6, March 2003. p. 861-877.
We give a survey on the predictions of Coulombic phase transitions in dense plasmas (PPT) and derive several new results on the properties of these transitions. In particular we discuss several types of the critical point and the spinodal curves of quantum Coulombic systems. We construct a simple theoretical model which shows (in dependence on the parameter values) either one alkali-type transition (Coulombic and van der Waals forces determine the critical point) or one Coulombic transition and another van der Waals transition. We investigate the conditions to find separate Van der Waals and Coulomb transitions in one system (typical for hydrogen and noble gas-type plasmas). The separated Coulombic transitions which are strongly influenced by quantum effects are the hypothetical PPT, they are in full analogy to the known Coulombic transitions in classical ionic systems. Finally we give a discussion of several numerical and experimental results referring to the PPT in high pressure plasmas.