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Название: Spatiotemporal and Statistical Symmetries
Авторы: Aubry N., Lima R.
Journal of Statistical Physics, Vol. 81, Nos. 3/4, 1995. p. 793-828.
The notion of symmetries, either statistical or deterministic, can be useful for the characterization of complex systems and their bifurcations. In this paper, we investigate the connection between the (microscopic) spatiotemporal symmetries of a space-time function u(x, t), on the one hand, and the (macroscopic) symmetries of statistical quantities such as the spatial (resp. temporal) two-point correlations and the spatial (resp. temporal) average, on the other hand. We show, how, under certain conditions, these symmetries are related to the sym- metries of the orbits described by u(x, t) in the characteristic (phase) spaces. We also determine the largest group of spatiotemporal symmetries (in the sense introduced in our earlier work) satisfied by a given space-time function u(x, t) and indicate how to extract the subgroups of point symmetries, namely those directly implemented on the space and time variables. Conversely, we determine all the functions invariant by a given space-time symmetry group. Finally, we illustrate all the previous points with specific examples.