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Название: Communications In Mathematical Physics - Volume 274
Автор: M. Aizenman (Chief Editor)
Abstract: We study the nonlinear equation
2 −1 2 3
i∂tψ= −∆+m −mψ−(|x| ∗|ψ|)ψ onR,
which is known to describe the dynamics of pseudo-relativistic boson stars in the mean- field limit. For positive mass parameters, m > 0, we prove existence of travelling solitary waves, ψ(t, x) = eitμφv(x − vt), for some μ ∈ R and with speed |v| < 1, where c = 1 corresponds to the speed of light in our units. Due to the lack of Lorentz covariance, such travelling solitary waves cannot be obtained by applying a Lorentz boost to a solitary wave at rest (with v = 0). To overcome this difficulty, we introduce and study an appropriate variational problem that yields the functions φv ∈ H1/2(R3) as minimizers, which we call boosted ground states. Our existence proof makes extensive use of concentration-compactness-type arguments.
In addition to their existence, we prove orbital stability of travelling solitary waves ψ(t, x) = eitμφv(x − vt) and pointwise exponential decay of φv(x) in x.