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Datta S. Ч Electronic transport in mesoscopic systems
Datta S. Ч Electronic transport in mesoscopic systems

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Ќазвание: Electronic transport in mesoscopic systems

јвтор: Datta S.

јннотаци€:

Recent advances in semiconductor technology have made possible the fabrication of structures whose dimensions are much smaller than the mean free path of an electron. This book is the first to give a thorough account of the theory of electronic transport in such mesoscopic systems. After an initial chapter covering fundamental concepts, the transmission function formalism is presented, and used to describe three key topics in mesoscopic physics: the quantum Hall effect; localisation; and double-barrier tunnelling. Other sections include a discussion of optical analogies to mesoscopic phenomena, and the book concludes with a description of the non-equilibrium GreenТs function formalism and its relation to the transmission formalism. Complete with problems and solutions, the book will be of great interest to graduate students of mesoscopic physics and nanoelectronic device engineering, as well as to established researchers in these fields.


язык: en

–убрика: “ехнологи€/

—татус предметного указател€: √отов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

√од издани€: 1995

 оличество страниц: 377

ƒобавлена в каталог: 19.03.2006

ќперации: ѕоложить на полку | —копировать ссылку дл€ форума | —копировать ID
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ѕредметный указатель
"Fractional quantization"      189
Absorption      310
Advanced function      134Ч135 139 300
Aharonov Ч Bohm effect      165Ч168 214 218Ч220 243
Aluminum gallium arsenide (AlGaAs)      2 4 7Ч11 29 220 247 266 273
Anisotropic scatterers      232 235 243
Anti-localization      213
Anti-time ordered function      300 339
Backscattering      37 68 177 188Ч195 203Ч206 237 281 284
Ballistic conductor      22 50Ч60 112Ч113 160 173 284
Band diagram      7 12 248Ч249
BBGKY hierarchy      330
Bistability      286
Boltzmann formalism      5 285 322Ч328
Bose Ч Einstein function      308
Breit Ч Wigner formula      260
Buettiker formula      78Ч86 114 131 182Ч184 189Ч195
Buffer layer      9
Charge quantization      247 270
Circulating currents      43
Coherence, coherent source or coherent state      288
Collision time      16
Conductance coefficients or conductance matrix      79 93 123 183 189Ч190 194Ч195
Conductance fluctuations      215Ч222 241 285
Conductance function      90Ч91
Conductivity      41Ч44 59 185
Contact resistance      51Ч57 112
Cooperon      241
Correlated paths      217 220 244
Correlated scattering      20 209 285
Correlation energy      90Ч92 106
Correlation function      78 102 294Ч340
Cross junction      113
Current density      23 98 315Ч318 339
Current fluctuations or noise      97 109 158
Cut-off energy      12
Cyclotron      26 33 37 178
de Broglie wavelength      1 2 209 248
Degenerate conductor      14Ч15 37 102 128
Density matrix      77 102 295
Density of states      13 27 45 149 154 161Ч162 231 255 301
Device      2Ч3 248 322 343Ч344
Diagrammatic theory      222Ч242 340
Diffusion coefficient      22 41Ч42 62
Directional coupler      77
Discrete lattice      144
Disordered contacts      190Ч191
dispersion relation      12 32Ч37 144 277Ч278
Dissipation      69 103 319
Distribution function      66Ч71 78 295 323Ч328
Double-slit experiment      282 289Ч290
Drift velocity      8 23 37
Drude model      23Ч26 223 231Ч232 243
Edge states      176Ч193
effective mass      10Ч11
Eigenfunction expansion      138 153Ч154
Einstein relation      39Ч42 59 62
Election-phonon interaction      132 293 300 308 328 332
Electrochemical potential      see "Quasi-Fermi energy"
Electromagnetic waves      5 277 284
Electron waveguides or quantum wires      30 213 279 289
Electron-electron interaction      19 21 132 209 222 241 244 268Ч270 288 293 300 307 328
Energy channels      87
Energy distribution      66Ч71
Energy relaxation length      69Ч71
Ensemble-average      158 198 218 222Ч242
Exclusion principle      21 93Ч102 115 289
Fabry Ч Perot interferometer      287
Fermi energy      3 8 21 27 45Ч46 87 176 185 223 266 268 271 274
Fermi function      14 88 101
Fermi surface property      42Ч44 183
Fermi velocity      16 21 37
Fermi wavenumber      15
Feynman paths      126Ч128 131 163Ч167 204Ч206 210Ч212 221
Fisher Ч Lee relation      139Ч140 148 171 173 210
Floating probe      see "Voltage probe"
Focusing      281Ч282
Four-terminal resistance      78 82Ч85 125
Fractional quantum Hall effect      186Ч187
Gallium arsenide (GaAs)      2 4 7Ч11 74 220 247 266 273 283
Gauge      30 98
Geometrical optics      279Ч282
Gold      2Ч3 19
Golden Rule      231
GreenТs function      5 102 132Ч174 223Ч239 285 293Ч342
Group velocity      32Ч36
h/e, h/2e or h/Ne oscillations      see "Aharonov Ч Bohm effect"
Hall measurement      2 4 23Ч25 83 125 183Ч195
Hamiltonian      133 142Ч147 151Ч153 223Ч224 301 302
Hartree potential      270
Hartree Ч Fock approximation      307Ч308 320
HEMT      8
Hilbert transform      309
Hologram      288
Husimi function      328
Impurity scattering      9 16 19
Inelastic scattering      67 71 107 163
Interface resistance      see "Contact resistance"
Josephson effect      290
Keldysh formalism      293
KirchhoffТs law      80Ч81
Kubo formalism      157Ч160
Ladder diagrams      235 243
Landau level      25Ч29 33 156 176Ч193 213 239 279
Landau plot      45
Landauer formula, Landauer approach      57Ч65 86 109 160 202 215 262 319 322
Landauer Ч Buettiker formalism      102Ч108 131 188 319Ч321
Laser      289Ч290
Lifetime      152Ч153 230 243 256 304
Linear response (or low bias)      3 79 88Ч92 106 262 267 272 322
Lineshape function      263 270
Local density of states      155Ч157
Local equilibrium      60
localization      5 20Ч21 196Ч244
Localized states      186Ч187
Lorentz force      37
Lorentzian      154 252 261 264
Magnetic field in the leads      141
Magnetic impurity      19
Magnetoresistance      23 26 212 220
Manganese impurity      19
Many-body theory      328 339 340
Matrix representation      142Ч145
Maximally crossed diagrams      235Ч237
Maxwell equation      276
Mean free path      1 2 19 45 201 213 322
Method of finite differences      141Ч145
Mobility      8 23Ч25 41 45
Modulation doping, MODFET      8 24Ч25
Momentum (or k-) representation      165 224 240 298
Momentum relaxation      8 9 23 130 177 213 243
MOSFET      8
Multi-moded lead      136Ч137 140
Multi-terminal conductors      92Ч94 220
Multiple scattering theory      285
Negative resistance      3 75 248
Noise      see "Current fluctuations"
Non-degenerate conductor      14Ч15 101
Non-invasive measurements      76
Non-linear optics      285Ч288
Non-local conductivity      158
Non-local potential      302
Non-locality      220Ч221
Non-Lorentzian shape      154
Non-ohmic behaviour      191Ч192
Non-perturbative approaches      329
Nyquist Ч Johnson formula      109 158
Occupation factor      258 265
Ohmic behaviour      1 50
OhmТs Law      62Ч65 193 197Ч200 207 248
One-particle picture      270Ч272
Open system (or open boundary conditions)      145
Optical      see "Photon"
Orthodox theory      272
Orthogonality      97 99 115 137Ч138 141 153
Overlap integral      144
Peak current      255Ч256 273 330
Periodic boundary condition      13
Persistent currents      245 343
Phase-correlation or quantum correlation      296 299 328
Phase-relaxation      1Ч2 16Ч17 21Ч22 45 77 90 129Ч131 201 206Ч209 213 242 273 282
Phonon      9 16 69 264Ч265 308Ч311 330Ч338
Phononpeak      331
Photon, optical      3 5 77 256 276Ч292 295Ч296
Pinning (Fermi energy)      186
Plateaus      25
Poisson equation      73 92 209 248 268
Position representation      165 224 240
Probability matrices      128
Quantized conductance      55 60
Quantum chaos      245 343
Quantum dots      270 272
Quantum Hall effect      5 175Ч195 279
Quantum wires      see "Electron waveguides"
Quasi-classical approximation      328
Quasi-Fermi energy (or electrochemical potential)      13Ч14 37Ч41 50Ч51 56Ч57 60Ч62 66Ч77
Quasi-particles      272 324
Radiative transfer      285
Rate equation      257Ч258 265
Reciprocity      79 83Ч85 123Ч124 173 220
Reflectionless contacts      50Ч51 57 59Ч62 112
resistivity      23Ч26 84
Resistivity dipoles      72Ч73 76
Resonant tunneling      see "Tunneling"
Retarded function      133 300
Scanning tunneling microscope      76 157
Scattering functions      299Ч340
Scattering matrix (S-matrix)      119Ч140 170Ч173
Scattering state      95Ч98 115 141
Screening length      16 73Ч74 92 209
Second quantization      5 293 298Ч299
Self-consistent Born approximation      307
Self-energy      132 147Ч159 226Ч231 300Ч340
Semi-infinite lead      146 171
Shubnikov Ч de Haas (SdH) oscillations      26Ч29 213 see
Silicon      8 176
Single-electron charging      222
Single-electron tunneling      see "Tunneling"
Size quantization or quantum size effects      213 270
SnellТs law      291
Space-charge      8 248
Spectral function      149 154Ч155 163 254 263 301 329
Spin fluctuations      19
Split-gate      55 188 190
Spontaneous or stimulated emission      310
Strong localization      200 222
Strongly correlated transport      328Ч330 343
Subband      12 14 29Ч37 133 177
Sum rule      79 92 97 122Ч123 149
Superconductor      290 343
Thermal broadening function      90Ч92 263
Thermal source      289Ч290
Thermionic emission      107
Three-terminal resistance      80Ч85
Threshold voltage      248Ч250
Tight-binding model      141Ч145 311
Time-ordered function      300 339
Time-reversed path      205Ч206 211
Transfer Hamiltonian formalism      161Ч163
Transmission function      5 87Ч88 91Ч92 97 101 114 119Ч125 148 162Ч163 167 171Ч173 249Ч253 321Ч322
Tranverse modes      29Ч37 45 50Ч62 98Ч99 119 136 148 150 173 251
Tunneling      92Ч93 161
Tunneling, $\Gamma - X$      4
Tunneling, coherent      4 247Ч256
Tunneling, double-barrier      5 246Ч274
Tunneling, interband      4
Tunneling, resonant      4 92Ч93 247Ч266 273Ч274 330Ч338 344
Tunneling, sequential      4 256Ч266
Tunneling, single-electron      4 266Ч275 288 343Ч344
Two-dimensional electron gas (2-DEG)      7 8 11 247 266
Two-terminal resistance      78 220
Uncertainty relation      327
Valence band      7
Valley current      250 263Ч265 331
Vector potential      11 30 97 120 123 141 211 239 241 278
Vertical flow      101Ч108 163 265 331 336Ч338
Voltage probe      74Ч85 93 99Ч100 129Ч131 170 182 192
Wave optics      282Ч284
Waveguides      see "Electron waveguides"
Weak localization      see "Localization"
Wigner function      325Ч328
Zero resistance      176Ч186
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