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Akmajian A., Demers R.A., Farmer A.K. Ч Linguistics. An Introduction to Language and Communications
Akmajian A., Demers R.A., Farmer A.K. Ч Linguistics. An Introduction to Language and Communications



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Ќазвание: Linguistics. An Introduction to Language and Communications

јвторы: Akmajian A., Demers R.A., Farmer A.K.

јннотаци€:

This popular introductory linguistics text is unique in the way various themes are integrated throughout the book. One primary theme is the question, "How is a speaker's communicative intent recognized?" Rather than treat phonology, phonetics, morphology, syntax, semantics, and pragmatics as completely separate fields, the text shows how they interact in principled ways. Similarly, language variation and acquisition are informed by results in these fields. The text provides a sound introduction to linguistic methodology while also revealing why people are intrinsically interested in language Ч the ultimate puzzle of the human mind.

The fifth edition has been thoroughly revised. Revisions include, but are not limited to, the addition of "selected readings" sections, updated examples, new discussion on the creative nature of neologisms, and the use of IPA as the primary transcription system throughout. This edition also includes an account of the patterns of occurrence of reduced vowels in English. An understanding of these patterns enables the reader to write a phonemic transcription of any English word.


язык: en

–убрика: ‘илологи€/

—татус предметного указател€: √отов указатель с номерами страниц

ed2k: ed2k stats

»здание: fifth edition

√од издани€: 2001

 оличество страниц: 604

ƒобавлена в каталог: 21.02.2006

ќперации: ѕоложить на полку | —копировать ссылку дл€ форума | —копировать ID
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ѕредметный указатель
'//      19 24
-,7v      47Ч49
-able      36Ч39 40Ч42 45 47 49Ч50
-able rule      36Ч39 348
-ed      See Past participle -en/-ed
-er agentire suffix      13Ч14 35Ч36 41 50
-er comparative suffix      43 45 241
-est superlative suffice      43 45
-ing progressive      20 43 45
-ion      42
-s (third person singular)      20 43 45 301
Abbreviated questions      291Ч293
Abbreviated style      See Language style. abbreviated
abbreviations      See Words alphabetic
Accidental overlap      322Ч323
Accusative case      See Case accusative
Acoustic phonetics      65Ч66
Acoustic stability      119
Acquisition model      417 418 477Ч506
Acquisition of speech by children      490Ч493
Acrolect      301
Acronym      See Words acronyms
Adjective Agreement rule      349
Adjective Agreemere role      349
Adjective/endings      341Ч334 2
Adjectives      13 19 20 24 33
Adverbs      19 20 24
Adverbs, adverb phrase (AdvP)      200
Affixes      421 422 495Ч496
Affixes, derivational      25 32 35Ч42 43 44 45 54Ч57
Affixes, inflectional      43 44 46 341 457
Affixes, prefix      18
Affixes, suffix      18 19
Affricate      74 77 89 112 114Ч115 117 491
Afghani      329
Afro-Asiatic      334
Agent      169
Agentive nouns      35
Agraphia      556
Agreement      288 301 349
airflow      67
Akimel O'odham      279Ч280
Albanian      329
Algonquian      321 322 323 343
Allophones      93Ч94 95 348
Alphabet      65 568
Alphabetic abbreviations      See Words alphabetic
Altaic      334
Alveolar      74 76 77 79 85 89 111 112 117 119 120 135
Alveolar ridge      71 78 91 92 111 117
Alveopalatal      74 76 77 79 89 92 93 117
Ambiguity      237 241Ч242 245 246 293 367 373 386 433 434
Ambiguity, lexical      155 237
Ambiguity, structural      154Ч156 183 189 366
American English      14 26 42 85 90 92 96 98 100 161 229 277 280 288 307 315 336 337
American Sign Language      359 421 479 505 507Ч512
Amhanc      124Ч125 334
Amlenian      329
Anaphora      53 213 261Ч264 518
Ancient Greek      329
Anglo-Saxon      See Old English
Animal communication      506Ч507
Anomaly      238 246
Anomia      545Ч546
Answerhood condition      235 252
Antecedent      53 261Ч262 450 459 518
Anterior      114Ч115 117. anterior
Anticipation errors      421Ч422
Anticipatory coarticulation      492
Antonymy      240 241 246 345
anymore      276Ч277
Apex      78 79
Aphasia      527 554Ч555 556
Appalachian dialect      276
Arabic      296 331 334 561 563
Arbitrary pairing      15Ч16
Arcuatefascicuius      545
Argot      302
Armstrong,S.      446
Articles (Art)      21 22Ч23 24 172 173 176 203 221 222
Articulaters      73
Articulatory phonetics      65
Arylenoid cartilages      70
Aspirated t.      90Ч91 93 127
Aspiration      90 94 95
Aspiration rule      124 127
assertion      235
Assimilation      110 125
Assimilation, anticipation      491
Assimilation, regressive      492
Association nerve fibers      533
Associative thought      539
Attent/veness Hypothesis      452
Attributivity      259Ч260
Austin, J.      361 391 392Ч393 394
Austro Ч Asiatic      334
Austronesian      334
Avesran      329
Axon      531
Aztec      27 61 343
Babbling, children's      482Ч483
Babbling, Washoe's      509
Bach, K.      258
Back      See Vowels back
Backformation      40Ч42
Balto Ч Stavic      329
Barred-i      82
Base      See Morphemes base
Base structure      See Input tree
Basilect      301
Basque      333
Bates, E.      503
Battan, P.      334Ч335
Battig, W.      443
Bayles, K.      257
Be      100Ч101 178 284Ч287 291Ч292 296
Beck, K.      258 420
Behaviorism      478 480
Bellugi, U.      420
Bengali      329
Berko, J.      494
Bever, T.      433 434 436 455 459 464 540
Bickerton. D.      297 301 302
Bilabial      68 71
Bilingual      307
BINARY      114
Binding Principles      516Ч518
Biolomcal innateness of linguistic capacity      515
Bisyllabic      98 100
blends      See Words blends
Bloom, L.      437
Bonobe      512 514Ч515
Bontoc Igorot      18 24
Borrowing      See Words borrowing
Bound affix-      See Morphemes. bound
Bound base      See Morphemes. bound base
Box diagram      176Ч177
Braces      209
Bradley, D.C.      457
Brain stem      531 532
Branching node      214Ч215
brand names      See Words generified
Brazilian Portuguese      112 279 306
Breton      329
Brewer, E.      451
Brewer, W.      451
British Empiricists      440
British English      14 82 92 96 98 230 276 280 337
Broadening      See Words broadening
Broca's aphasia      542Ч544 545 556
Broca, P.      528 542
Broea's area      528 529 530 533 543 548 554
Brookshire, R.      538
Brown, C.      553
Brown, R.      483 513
Bruner, J.      503
Bulgarian      329
Bumlese      334
C-command (Constituent command)      214 215 497
Caiques      28
Campbell, L.      333
Canadian English      335Ч336
Cann, R.      331
Cantonese      78 279 334 561
Cape York Creole      300
Caramazza, A.      457
Carlson, M.      435
Carnap, R.      361
Case, accusative      170 340Ч341
Case, dative/instrumental      340Ч341
Case, genitive      340Ч341 342
Case, nontinative      170 340Ч341
Case, objective      170
Case, subjective      170
Casual speech-      See Language slyle. casual
Categorization      439
Category, lexical      See Parts of speech
Category, phrasal      206
Catvin, W.      505
Caucasian languages      334
Causative Verb Formation rule      348Ч349
Cavallie-Sforza. L.      331 332
Celtic      329 340 343 344
Center embedding      209Ч221
Central nervous system (CNS)      531
Cerebral cortex      531 532 535
Chambers, S.      431
Champollion, J.F.      563
Chance overlap      322Ч323
Chemakuam      337
Cherokee      563 566
Chest cavity      67
Child language, rule governed nature of      506
Child language, stages in development of      482Ч491
Chimpanzees      507Ч515
Chinese      8 279 322 339 554Ч555 561 562
Chinese Pidgin English      296
Chinook Jargon      298
Chomsky N.      4 9 114 151 152 177 194 197 215 227 262 417 458 479 482 505 517Ч518
Chomsky, C      497 498 499
Church, J.      451
Churchiand, P.S.      460
Circumlocutions      544
Clark, E.      482 488
Clark, H.      450 451 452 482 488
Clarke, R.      531
Clause, embedded      207 212
Clause, main      289
Clause, modifying      187
Clause, subordinate      207
Cleft sentences      177Ч179 450
Clements, G.N.      129
Click experiments      436Ч437
clicks      86 120
Clifton      438
Clippings      26 32
Closed class-      See Words. closed class
Closings      390 391
Coarticulaiton effect      93 113
Coda      126Ч127
Code-switching      307Ч308
Cognitive background      419
Cognitive science      5 358
Coined words      See Words. coined
Cole, D.      145
Colloquial style      327
Colloquialism      303
Commands      242
Communication      5Ч6 228 232Ч233 258 362Ч363
Communicative act      368
Communicative contexts      502
Communicative function      242
Communicative intention      367 369 370 371 374Ч375 382 386 398
Communicative potential      242Ч243
Communicative Presumption      371 374 375
Comparative      24
Comparative linguistics      320Ч323
Comparative method      323
Competence      151Ч153 227 501Ч503
Competence model      417Ч418
Complement      216 579
Complementary distribution      95 125
Compliancy condition      235 252
Composltionalily      32 34Ч35 246Ч248
Compounds      32 34Ч35 246Ч248
Compounds, deverbal      52
Compounds, headless      35
Compounds, primary      50
Compounds, stress patterns of      34
Compounds, synthetic      50
Compounds, verbal      50
Comprehension      419 425 433 451Ч452
concepts      234 439Ч449
Concepts, complex concepts      439 440
Concord particles      301
Conduction aphasia      545
Conjunction test      179Ч181
Conjunctions      22Ч23 24 177
Connectionist Models      460Ч464
Consonant      73Ч79 85Ч86 103 114Ч116
Consonant clusters      101Ч102 492
Consonant of American English      73Ч79 114
Consonant, ambisyllabic      115
Consonant, definition of      73
Constituent structure      171 172 197 436
Constituent structure, tests for      177Ч178
Constituent-command-      See C-command
Constituents      167 420
Constituents, optional      203Ч204
Contact languages      296
context      388Ч389 437 453
Contextual appropnateness      368 383 385
Contextual inappropriateness      368 379Ч380
Continuant      114Ч116
Contracted forms      18 24
Contradiction      235
Control      497Ч501
Conversation      15 387 389
Conversational Implicatures      399
Conversational Maxims      399
Conversational Presumptions      371 376 379 382 400
Cooperative principle      399
Core meaning      445
Coreference      54 261Ч264 516Ч517
Cornea) conduction      533 535
Coronal      112 114Ч115 117 119 120
Corpus callosum      532 533 535
Correspondence (sound)      323Ч327
Cortese, C.      431
Cortex      See Cerebral cortex
Cotrash      340
Crain, S.      438 497
Crain-      18 42 48Ч49
Creativity      480 506
Creek      306
Creole continuum      301
Creoles      295 298Ч302
Critical Period      503Ч505
Crowley, T.      299 300
Culter, A.      424 431
1 2 3 4 5
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