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Название: Nonlinear Transport in the Boltzmann Limit
Авторы: Dufty J.W., Lindenfeld M.J.
Formal expressions for the irreversible fluxes of a simple fluid are obtained as functionals of the thermodynamic forces and local equilibrium time correlation functions. The Boltzmann limit of the correlation functions is shown to yield expressions for the irreversible fluxes equivalent to those obtained from the nonlinear Boltzmann kinetic equation. Specifically, for states near equilibrium, the fluxes may be formally expanded in powers of the thermodynamic gradients and the associated transport coefficients identified as integrals of time correlation functions. It is proved explicitly through nonlinear Burnett order that the time correlation function expressions for these transport coefficients agree with those of the Chapman-Enskog expansion of the nonlinear Boltzmann equation. For states far from equilibrium the local equilibrium time correlation functions are determined in the Boltzmann limit and a similar equivalence to the Boltzmann equation solution is established. Other formal representations of the fluxes are indicated; in particular, a projection operator form and its Boltzmann limit are discussed. As an example, the nonequilibrium correlation functions for steady shear flow are calculated exactly in the Boltzmann limit for Maxwell molecules.