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Название: Ergodic and Quasideterministic Properties of Finite-Dimensional Stochastic Systems
Автор: Tropper M.M.
The ergodic and stability properties of certain stochastic models are studied. Each model is described by a finite-dimensional stochastic processx (t) satisfyingdx =(x ,t)dt+ dz(t), where represents a secular force andz(t) is a stochastic process with given statistical properties. Such a model may represent a reduced description of an infinite-particle system. Thenx (t) may be either a set of macrovariables fluctuating about thermal equilibrium or the macrostate of a system maintained through pumping in a nonequilibrium state. Two Markovian models for whichz(t) is Wiener and (y, t) = G(,y(t)) for someG nonlinear iny(t) are shown to possess a unique stationary probability density which is approached by any other density ast . For one of these models, which is of Hamiltonian type, the stationary state is given by the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution. A particular form of non-Markovian model is also proved to have the above mixing property with respect to the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution. Finally, the behavior of the sample paths ofx (t) for small values of the parameter A is investigated. In the case whenz(t) is Wiener and (y, t) = G(y(t), it is shown thatx (t) will remain close to the deterministic trajectoryx 0 (t) (corresponding to = 0) for allt = 0 if and only ifx 0 (t) is highly stable with respect to small perturbations of the initial conditions.